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Dengue Fever: Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Mosquito-borne diseases are highly prevalent in the Indian subcontinent and in other tropical and subtropical regions of the world. If you're feeling feverish, your body is hot to touch, immediately pull out a thermometer to measure the temperature. If it shoots to more than 103 F, there's a reason for you to panic.

Recall any time when your skin felt itchy and your kept scratching it every now and then, and you found that it was due to the bite of a mosquito flying around you. And if the mosquito bit you during daytime, it could've implanted dengue virus within your blood.

If the fever you're experiencing does not subside in a few hours or lasts for more than 2 days, rush to a doctor.

Dengue Fever Causes: Dengue fever is the result of the bite of an Aedes aegypti mosquito that's infected with dengue virus belonging to the arbovirus family.  This mosquito attacks you during daytime whether you're at home or travelling outdoors. The peak times to watch out for mosquito bites are early in the morning or during evening before it becomes dark.

Dengue Fever Symptoms: The symptoms of dengue are high temperature (104 F to 105 F) that lasts for more than 2 days, rashes that appear as bruised skin, low platelet count which could lead to bleeding in nose, gums and skin, liver failure, nausea, vomiting, dehydration, low blood pressure, low heart rate, fatigue, black stools, and liver and brain damage as severe complications.

If dengue is unattended and its symptoms are not treated on time, it could lead to fatal complications such as severe haemorrhagia or DSS (Dengue Shock Syndrome). Severe headache and pain behind the eyes is commonly experienced in dengue fever. Experts say that the combination of fever, headache, and rash symptoms is a primary sign of dengue diagnosis

Dengue fever patients feel severe bone and muscle pain, causing them to twist their body. Thus, dengue fever is often referred to as "breakbone fever". Intense pain causes the patients suffering from dengue to sit in an uncomfortable, twisted posture or walk with a weird gait.

Dengue Fever Treatment: There is no specific medication for dengue, but you can manage the symptoms to recover faster from the illness. Make sure you consume plenty of fluids in order to compensate for the loss of water and salts from your body through vomiting. In case of dengue, the fever lasts till 2-7 days, so continuously monitor your fever and take timely measures to bring it down.

Consume pain relievers that do not cause further bleeding, which is a dangerous symptom in dengue fever. If you're facing excessive bleeding or severe dehydration that cannot be managed at home, you need to get hospitalized for expert care and support. Blood transfusion, platelet transfusion, and fluid replacement therapy may be required in such cases.

Make sure you do not let your platelet count to drop to dangerous levels as it could lead to excessive bleeding that can cause DSS (Dengue Shock Syndrome). This could lead to death if not treated on time. 


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