Facebook instagram YouTube Twitter

Difference Between Diseases Caused By Mosquito: Dengue And Malaria

Every year we hear about a new infectious disease gaining epidemic proportions. The same is true for vector-borne diseases, especially those caused by mosquitoes. Mosquito-borne diseases rear their ugly head mainly during the rains as it is their breeding season.

It's summertime now, and so it's time to prepare yourself in order to avoid the disease altogether and take measures if you've already come into contact with that nasty creature. But for that, first you need to learn to distinguish between malaria and dengue -- the two deadly diseases spread by mosquito bites.

So, here are the points of classification:

1. Causative Agent (Vector and Microbe): Dengue is caused by an infected Aedes aegypti mosquito, whereas malaria is caused by an infected female anopheles mosquito. The microorganism causing dengue is from the arbovirus family whereas that causing malaria is from the Plasmodium genus. Thus, dengue is a viral disease whereas malaria is a protozoan parasitic disease.

2. Time of Attack: Dengue mosquitoes usually bite during daytime, whereas malaria-causing mosquitoes attack during night time.

3. Latent Period: The period between mosquito bite and first symptom appearance is 4-5 days in dengue and 10-15 days in malaria.

4. Symptoms: The symptoms of dengue include severe headache, bone pain, and skin rashes. The symptoms of malaria are anaemia, sweating, vomiting, joint pain, chills, and fever.

5. Diagnosis: The Antigen test and Antibody test are the 2 diagnostic procedures for dengue, whereas malaria is diagnosed by the microscopic test of the visuals of the virus.

6. Social Factors: The rapid rate of urbanization which leads to poverty and unhygienic conditions are the social factors that have led to a rise in the prevalence of dengue, whereas malaria, which is an old malady, is a result of poverty and poor quality, fake drugs.

7. Frequency: Dengue has sudden occurrence and long-term stay in the system, whereas malaria reappears frequently after short bouts of stay.

8. Platelet Count: The platelet count reduces in dengue, whereas it remains unaffected in malaria.

9. Fluid Leakage: Dengue is associated with fluid leakage, which does not occur in malarial infections.

10. White Blood Cells (WBC) Count: In dengue, the WBC count falls, whereas it rises in malaria in the form of rise in the number of eosinophils.

11. Treatment: No specific treatment for dengue exists whereas specific anti-malarial drugs are available in the market. Malaria's treatment methodology is simple and well-established, whereas in dengue, only the symptoms can be managed. Moreover, in case of malaria, the treatment varies according to the type of the infectious parasite involved.

12. Geography: Dengue is more prevalent in Southeast Asia, whereas malaria is widespread in Asian, African as well as Central and South American countries. Malaria is an old disease in India, and in the recent times, India has been severely plagued by dengue, from poor people to many high-profile celebrities.

While both the diseases are equally deadly, malaria is more easily curable than the painful breakbone disease dengue. While it is wisdom for the laymen know the basic difference between both so that they can seek the correct first aid remedies and timely help and for the physicians too to make an accurate confirmed diagnosis and suggest the right remedy at the right time.

Previous Blog

Recently Added