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Diseases that Can be Transmitted by Mosquitoes

The list of mosquito spread diseases is rather long and exhaustive. Malaria, dengue, chickungunya, zirka, west nile, yellow fever, various types of encephalitis etc are the front running candidates of this list claiming the maximum number of lives across the world. Closer to home however, it is Malaria, dengue and chickungunya that cause trouble. Zika virus is a rather new entrant and has put the country on alert.

Here are details about the mosquito spread diseases that can potentially cause havoc in your child’s body this monsoon should they be infected.

  1. Malaria:

  • Caused by parasitic protozoa plasmodium

  • Carried by the female anopheles mosquito.

  • Anopheles mosquito usually bite at night.

  • Malaria if not caught in time and treated properly can be fatal.

  • Symptoms occur after 10-14 days of being bitten by an infected mosquito.

  • Symptoms include bouts of fever chills and sweat in addition to nausea, vomiting, body ache, fatigue and headache amongst others.

  • Medication for malaria is easily and freely available in India and the complete course of the medication needs to be completed to avoid a relapse.

       2. Dengue:

  • Caused by the Dengue virus

  • Carried by the Aedes aegypti genus of mosquitoes

  • Mosquitoes of this genus bite during the day unlike other species of mosquitoes

  • A novel vaccine for dengue has been approved by Mexico, Philippines and Brazil with the trade name Dengvaxia in December 2015.

  • Symptoms include fever, headache, vomiting, muscle and joint pains, dehydration, rashes etc.

  • Symptoms of dengue can get very bad very fast so patients need to be constantly monitored for high fevers and dehydration.

       3. Chickungunya:

  • Caused by the chickungunya virus

  • Carried by the aedes ageypti genus of mosquitoes.

  • These usually bite during the day unlike the anopheles female mosquito that carries malaria.

  • While chickungunya is not known to be fatal, it can be very traumatic given its signature joint pains capable of changing people’s posture.

  • Chickungunya quite literally means “that which bends up”

  • Symptoms appear two to four days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.

  • Symptoms are similar to those of malaria and dengue except for the joint pain which distinguishes chickungunya from its counter parts.

  • No vaccination or cure is available for the disease as of yet and the treatment for the same is symptomatic.

      4. Zika:

  • Caused buy the flaviviridae virus family of the flavivirus genus

  • Carried by Aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus mosquitoes that bite during the day.

  • Zika virus is like a milder version of the Dengue fever.

  • Symptoms include fever, red eyes joint pain and usually last for no more than 7 to 10 days and are usually very mild.

  • It has no vaccines or medication for treatment and thus the treatment is symptomatic.

The only common denominator amongst all these mosquito spread diseases is the fact that the only way to prevent these diseases from spreading is to take adequate preventive measures to keep the mosquito population at bay. using appropriate mosquito repellent solutions to keep the little ones safe is a measure that needs to be taken on an individual level.

 

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