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Everything You Need to Know About Diagnosis and Treatment of Dengue Fever

Every 30 seconds, that is how frequently a child dies of a mosquito borne disease. While shocking it is the bitter truth of the reality we live in. Of all the mosquito borne diseases, the top spots are claimed by malaria, dengue, chickungunya when it comes to the death toll in both kids and adults. Not just that, dengue and chickungunya are known to be some of the most taxing diseases. The after effects of the symptoms can a couple of weeks to months after the infection has cleared from the body.

Here is a compiled list of everything you need to know about dengue fever, its diagnosis and treatment of dengue fever so that the little ones can be kept safe from the rather harsh and traumatic after effects of the dengue fever.

Dengue fever diagnosis and treatment start with the symptoms. Catching these symptoms in time is key to timely detection and treatment. Symptoms include the classic triad of high fevers, muscle and joint pains and headache in addition to skin rashes, exhaustion, mild bleeding of gums, nausea, vomiting, pain in the eye sockets, skin rashes and swollen lymph nodes. Symptoms usually occur within a couple of days of the mosquito bite.

A lot of these symptoms are common to other mosquito borne diseases and that of the seasonal flu. Keeping that in mind it is necessary to confirm the disease before treating it. While an aspirin can be used for most other mosquito borne diseases, it should not be used by dengue patients since it may cause internal bleeding. It is usually best to visit a doctor and get tests done to confirm the disease before starting on any course of treatment. Positive tests for dengue usually have to be reported to the local government bodies.

Once the diagnosis is confirmed with a blood test, symptomatic treatment can be started to provide relief from the symptoms since no medication is available to cure the infection. Treatment for dengue wile simple requires constant vigilance especially for kids. Treatment for dengue requires lots of rest, light nutritious meals, pain relief medication and lots of hydration. The meals should be light, nutritious and frequent along with adequate fluids. Dehydration can be dangerous for a dengue patient. Hot compress and doctor prescribed medication for pain relief are helpful to cope with the symptoms.

Another important thing is to keep patients free of any stress. Cortisol released during stress disrupts recovery and should be avoided. Adequate sleep is also a must have for faster recovery since the body heals itself best when sleeping. Certain fruits like the kiwi and dragon fruit help the body recover faster as does staying hydrated with fluids like coconut water which contains sufficient electrolytes.

Dengue fever while scary, is manageable when diagnosed and properly treated in time. The best thing however is to use adequate mosquito protection to minimize chances of infection to start with.

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