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Things You Need to Know About Malaria

Its official, the monsoon has finally hit the Indian cost and the much awaited relief from the summer heat is around the corner. While it is good news for most part, one can not deny that the rains bring about a rather huge tidal wave of mosquito spread diseases along with the cool soothing showers. One of the rather nasty diseases that the much awaited rains bring is malaria. Its not long before the malarial toll starts making headlines across the nation. Before the malarial wave hits your city here is everything that you need to know about malaria to ensure your child’s safety.

  1. Malaria is caused by the protozoa plasmodium carried by the infected female anopheles mosquito.

  2. Malaria is a rather nasty infection that kids under 5 years of age are highly susceptible to. It is characterised by chills and fever.

  3. Symptoms of malaria usually start showing anytime between 10 days to 4 weeks after being bitten by an infected mosquito.

  4. The female anopheles mosquitoes are highly active at night so ensure adequate mosquito protection after sun down.

  5. The symptoms are slightly different for kids above and below 5 years of age.

  6. Kids under the age of 5 years exhibit symptoms like sleepiness, nausea, fever, cold, irritability, shivering, rapid shallow breathing, loss of appetite, drowsiness and irritability.

  7. Some kids might have hypothermia instead of a fever.

  8. For kids above 5 years of age have the same symptoms as adults inclusive of high fever shivering and sweating. The symptoms progress in a cycle that can in some  cases last up to 48 hours.

  9. Malarial fevers can shoot the body temperature as high as 105F and can cause damage to the brain.

  10. The fever is usually accompanied by vomiting, body ache, nausea, loss of appetite etc.

  11. kids under the age of 2 months are usually protected by the mother’s immunity and are safe from malaria.

  12. The symptoms of malaria usually subside in a matter of 10 to 15 days with appropriate medication and treatment but it takes a toll on the body and restoring the body to its former health may take a couple of days more.

  13. The symptoms of malaria are similar to those of dengue and chickungunya so its best to have the doctor confirm diagnosis with the relevant blood test.

  14. While medication is easily available, it is better to take safety measures to prevent malaria rather than spending weeks treating it.

  15. Treatment includes lots of rest and light nutritious meals in addition to the prescribed medication.

  16. Medication for malaria should never be stopped mid way without finishing the prescribed course despite the patient feeling well.

  17. The patient should be kept safe from mosquito bites to curb the infection from spreading.

  18. Kids should be using appropriate mosquito repellents all through the night and day to stay safe from the various mosquito spread diseases.

  19. Last but not the least, keep the surroundings clean and free of mosquito breeding sites and ensure that your local governing body is taking adequate measures to curb mosquito breeding in your vicinity. 

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