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Treatment of the Deadly Dengue Fever

Fever or high temperature is a common sickness that we experience once in a while. Normally, high fever is self-limiting and usually subsides on its own. However, that is not the case with dengue fever, which could last for a period of 2-7 days and is accompanied by severe pain in bones and muscles.

Dengue if diagnosed early and treated on time is not fatal, but ignoring the signs and symptoms could lead to complications such as neurological damage, liver problems, and severe loss of blood. Severe bleeding can lead to haemorrhagia or dengue shock syndrome.

Mild cases of dengue can be managed at home. Here are some treatment of dengue fever and tips on how you can reduce the symptoms of dengue and get rid of the disease quickly:

1. Rehydration Therapy: Dengue causes severe loss of fluids and body salts through vomiting. Hence, oral rehydration therapy is recommended for such patients. Add a pinch of salt and a teaspoon of sugar in a clean glass of water and keep sipping the solution at regular intervals. You could also go for readymade packs of electrolyte power available in market to beat dehydration. Do not use tap water; drink only filtered water, boiled water, or water from properly sealed bottles available in the market.

2. Temperature Control: In dengue fever, the temperature usually shoots very high, sometimes as high as 104 F to 105 F. This can prove dangerous if you do not take quick measures to lower it. With the help of cold packs, you can bring down body temperature. Sleep in adequately ventilated rooms and wear comfortable, loose cotton clothes that facilitate sweat release and skin breathing.

3. Pain Relief: Muscle and joint pain can be really discomforting and highly painful. However, take care not to use NSAIDs such as aspirin or ibuprofen as those can lower platelet count and increase bleeding. Acetaminophen is a good pain reliever that is safe to use in dengue fever.

4. Look for Signs of Bruising: As those suffering from dengue fever are more prone to bleeding due to a reduced platelet count, avoid getting hurt as even a minor hurt at any body part could lead to bruising and thus bleeding. Bleeding may not stop if the platelet count has dipped to dangerously low levels, which will need hospitalization. Make sure you wear protective clothing so that your chances of getting wounded are low.

5. Heart Rate and Blood Pressure Monitoring: Bradycardia (low heart beat rate) and low blood pressure are commonly experienced in dengue fever. So, in order to avoid this, you need to constantly monitor the patient's heart rate and blood pressure to ensure it's doesn't drop way too low to require medication.

6. Adequate Rest: Dengue fever lasts for a few days and could recur, so take an adequate rest as nervousness and fatigue can worsen the symptoms. Some people recover within 2 weeks while others could take more than a month. A general feeling of tiredness persists in dengue fever. However, do not panic, have complete bed rest, do not carry out any physical activity that is tiring, and be rest assured that you will get well while you strictly follow the measures recommended by the doctor. You may opt for sick leave or work from home as taxing yourself by going out to work could prove deadly for you as your condition could worsen.

Dengue is deadly if you let it be! Else, with early measures, adequate care, and medication for symptom management, it is nothing to worry about.

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